Swedish first name of birth theories
Lewis N. Johnson (b. July 14 , 1842 in Sweden, d. June 13, 1894 in Maynard) was probably from Malmö, Sweden or a suburb of this city. He emigrated to America late in 1867. He died 51 years of age in Leenthrop, Maynard, Chippewa County in western Minnesota.
Lewis N. Johnson and his first wife
Lewis and his first wife (name unknown) and two daughters, aged two and four years (names unknown), were probably from Malmö or a suburb of this city. Malmö is located in Skåne, which is the southernmost county of Sweden. Both Lewis' children died on the trip over the Atlantic Ocean, his wife passed away few days after arrival in the U.S.A.
Ellen and Lewis N. Johnson
After his first wife died, Lewis N. Johnson married Ellen Nilsdotter (b. Dec 25, 1845 in Sweden, d. August 5, 1936 in Grove City, MN) in Minnesota. Ellen's name in Sweden before emigration was Elna Nilsdotter. Argumentation for this is found in the chapter Johnson Bible.
Lewis N. Johnson with his first family and Nels Jenson family (Nels' official U.S. surname: Johnson, Swedish surname: Jönsson) emigrated at about the same time over the Atlantic Ocean from Liverpool, England to New York. (We do not know if they came on the same ship.) Among Nels Jenson family's numerous children was a girl with the Swedish name Elna, anglicized to Ellen in America. She became Lewis' second wife. Read about Ellen Jenson's parents and siblings here: Nels Jenson family...
We do not know the exact places in or near Malmö, Sweden where Lewis N. Johnson lived. We have no indication that Johnsons and Jensons came from the same place, or knew each other before they emigrated.
After Lewis lost his entire family during the emmigration journey, he went together with the Nels Jenson family, which made their home in Sweden Grove in Meeker County, Minnesota. This location name was later changed to Grove City. It was about that time in Sweden Grove Lewis married Nels Jenson's daughter Ellen. In the first period as married, probably for a couple years, Ellen and Lewis N. Johnson resided in Sweden Grove. Here Ellen and Lewis got their first two children.
Right after Henry Victor, their second child, was born they settled on the prairie and built a farm near Leenthrop Township, Maynard, Chippewa County, Minnesota. After Lewis died 51 years of age the son Alfred continued to live and work on the farm. He, at some time, inherited the farm. Alfred built a house on his farm yard, just a few yards from Alfred's and his wife's house so she could have help. Ellen lived here until she came up to Nelsons in Grove City in 1933. Approximately four years later, in 1936, she died at 91 years of age (ref. Leenthrop Memorial Cemetery, Maynard).
Ellen and Lewis N. Johnson's children:
1) Victor (born
c. 1870 in Sweden Grove, Meeker County, died after two days)
Victor (b. September 1, 1871 in Grove City,
d. September 6, 1947 in St. Paul, Minnesota)
Elizabeth (b. March 5, 1874 in Maynard, d. 1966)
February 18, 1876 in Maynard, d. October 12, 1949)
5) Joseph (b.
July 9, 1878 in Maynard, d. February
August 23, 1880 in Maynard,
d. April 7, 1927)
7) Trudi (b. circa 1884 in Maynard, d. November 13, 1884) (Source: History of Chippewa). Buried in Leenthrop, Maynard (ref. Leenthrop Memorial Cemetery).
8) Rhoda (b.1885 in Maynard, d. 1886) (Source: History of Chippewa). Buried in Leenthrop, Maynard (ref. Leenthrop Memorial Cemetery).
(b. between 1880 and 1895 in Maynard, d. November 26, 1956 in Florida).
10) Elmer Arbie (b.
about 1891 in Maynard,
d. March 8, 1940)
Children of Ellen and Lewis N. Johnson with spouses about 1910–1925. Back row: Joseph, Henry, Huldah (Henry's wife), Alexander, Elmer. Front row: Nettie (Joseph's wife), Alfred, Lena (Alfred's wife).
The Lewis Johnson family leaves Sweden
One day in 1867, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis N. Johnson left their home in Skåne, Sweden with their two daughters two and four year of age. The journey is described in detail in Memoirs of Mother. By sailing ship they crossed the North Sea to England, took a train to Liverpool, and boarded another sailing ship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. During the four week long journey on the ocean, both the daughters became sick and died. Their mother also got sick and died a few days after arrival at New York harbour.
Lewis Johnson family settles on the prairie
While living in Swede Grove right after they came to America Lewis looked for land to buy. In Memoirs of mother Kenneth E. Nelson writes in detail what happend in the continuation:
"Four men including Martin Dahleen, Swen Lindahl, Lewis Johnson and A. B. Peterson walked sixty miles to Chippewa County, Leenthrop Township, Section 26, where they staked out homesteads. Here they spaded up the first sod and built their first homes of sod blocks. Then they walked back to Grove City to spend the winter months of the first year of this new enterprize.
The second summer they returned again. This time with four wagons pulled by oxen, and each having chickens, one pig and one cow. It took two days of slow tedious travel over hills and around ponds, sometimes between earlier settler's fields. But the lure of the virgin soil and fertile country side beckoned them on. This was more than a camping trip. This was for life, with the meager possessions they had.
They finally arrived on the second day at their little sod houses built the year before. Four farms adjoined each other for help and comfort through the coming years of privation and endurance. Each one was a little sod hut dotting the bare prairie with no trees for summer shade or shelter from the winter's snow storms.
Lewis Johnson was very good at making simple furniture, tables, stools, and even wooden shoes. Some of these we still have and cherish as keepsakes. Fuel in the old stove were ropes of dried grass, cut in short pieces. Sometimes it would just smoulder and other times burn too fast. Imagine baking with this type of heat today!
An eventful day for this new settlement took place March 5, 1874. Henry Victor was two years old. 'The snow was still a foot deep. There were no roads. Father walked to Olanders who lived on the farm Nels Norbys bought. Mrs. Olander couldn't come! Then mrs. Martin Dahleen said she would come. Mrs. Dahleen was to come to the Lewis Johnson home and do the work of a doctor, called a mid-wife or nurse when the new little baby was to be born. She had two little boys of her own. The only thing she could do was to bring them along.'
Imagine three little boys less than three years old in a little one room, one door, one window dirt floor sod home besides three adults! However, during the night all three boys were fast asleep in another corner of the of the home when little Annie Elisabeth Johnson was born. All went very well. What rejoicing and blessing this little girl was to become in this early settler's prairie home – a little house and a little barn, two little specks dotting the open prairie country with not even a tree for shelter or shade."
Indians appeared on the farm
Around 2003 I asked Kenneth J. Johnson, grandson of Ellen and Lewis N. Johnson if he knew if the family saw Indians or had any problems with them on the prairie farm. Kenneth answered that the Indians had been pushed west by the white man before settling in Leenthrop, Maynard. There was only one incident of Indians on Lewis Johnson family's house. One day when Ellen was alone home an Indian came to the door and stood there, silent and motionless. She grabbed one loaf of bread and handed it to him. He took it, grunted (he said, “Ugh” ), turned around and left.
Why did the Johnsons and Jensons emigrate?
We do not know for sure what the reasons were for the Lewis N. Johnson and Nels Jenson families to emigrate from Sweden. Lewis N. Johnson's grandson, Kenneth J. Johnson, has told me that the Lewis Johnson family were Baptists in a Lutheran-dominated society and that they may have been prosecuted for this reason. The story Memoirs of mother seems to confirm he is correct and that this was the case for both families.
Since Ellen excelled in her school class in the Swedish State Church, the Nels Jenson family originally seemed to have been members of this Lutheran church in Sweden. But Ellen's daughter, Annie, told her son Kenneth E. Nelson what happened when a German evangelist came to her community and preached the gospel right after her graduation and confirmation: "In true rependance, she accepted Christ as her Savior. On the night before her birthday (December 23) a hole was chopped in the ice and a Baptismal service was held at midnight to avoid persecution by the State Church". We know that Ellens sister married Martin Dahlquist, the first preacher-farmer of the Leenthrop Baptist Church. It is likely to think that the whole Nels Jenson family may be became Baptists in Sweden and emmigrated for this reason too.
Nobody knows what profession Lewis N. Johnson and Nels Jenson had in Sweden. The most common reason for emigrating was lack of farming land for the great number of children at that time. The prospect of prosperity, and for supporting a family, was limited in most of Scandinavia. America was more promising. Maybe Johnson and Jenson familes emigrated for both religious and monetary reasons?
When I visited grandma Ellen
Quote from the History of Chippewa
Chapter name: Alfred W. Johnson
"Lewis N. and Ella Johnson were born in Sweden, where they were educated in the schools and there grew to manhood and womanhood and were there married. They remained residents of the land of their birth until 1870, at which time they decided to come to America and there obtain a home for themselves and their family. On their arrival in the United States they came direct to Minnesota, where they resided in Meeker County until 1871, when they came to Chippewa County, where they homesteaded one hundred and sixty acres of land in section 26, Leenthrop Township. The tract at that time was for the most part a wild prairie and required much attention before being in condition for the planting of the crops. The land was broken, crops planted and harvested, groves planted and in time most excellent buildings were erected. Mr. Johnson became a prosperous and successful farmer and stock raiser. He purchased more land and became the owner of two hundred and sixty acres of the best land. It was on this farm that he resided until the time of his death in 1894, at the age of fifty-one years. The widow is still living at the age of seventy-one years.
Lewis N. and Ellie Johnson were active members of the Swedish Baptist Church and reared their family in that faith. Mr. Johnson was one of the organizers of the local church and much of the success of the church was due to his untiring efforts. He with others organized the township and named it. He always took an active part in the local affairs and used his influence in the development of all projects that were advantageous to the best interests of the community. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson were the parents of the following children: Henry, Anne, Alfred W., Joseph, Edward, Alexander, Elmer, Victor, Rhoda and Trudi. The last three died in infancy."
NO RECORDS OF PREVIOUS JOHNSON GENERATION